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Apocynum cannabinum L.
INDIANHEMP
Apocynum sibiricum

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Apocynaceae   Apocynum

Apocynum cannabinum, Indian Hemp
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 8
Apocynum cannabinum, Indian Hemp

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Apocynum cannabinum, Indian Hemp
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 7
Apocynum cannabinum, Indian Hemp
Apocynum cannabinum, Indian Hemp
© Copyright Sheryl Pollock 2011 · 6
Apocynum cannabinum, Indian Hemp

Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum

Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum

Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum

Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum

Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum

Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Apocynum cannabinum

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (7)
Aphididae  Aphis ( @ CSUC_TCN (1); NCSU_ENT (9)

Macrosiphum ( @ NCSU (2)
Apidae  Ceratina calcarata @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Ceratina strenua @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Cercopidae  Philaenus spumarius @ UCR_ENT (1)
Coccinellidae  Harmonia axyridis @ I_LB (1)
Colletidae  Hylaeus fedorica @ BBSL (2)

Hylaeus leptocephalus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Hylaeus mesillae @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Hylaeus modestus @ AMNH_BEE (13); I_HHGA (1)

Hylaeus punctatus @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Halictidae  Augochloropsis metallica @ BBSL (2)

Halictus confusus @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum perpunctatum @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Megachilidae  Heriades carinata @ AMNH_BEE (8)

Megachile centuncularis @ PN- (1)

Megachile petulans @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile rotundata @ PN- (1); AMNH_BEE (12)
Melittidae  Macropis nuda @ AMNH_BEE (3)
Miridae  Lopidea heidemanni @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (2)
Reduviidae  Phymata fasciata @ AMNH_IZC (2)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Apocynum cannabinum L. Clasping-leaf Dogbane
Apocynaceae — Dogbane family
Native
Apocynum cannabinum
Middle Run Valley Natural Area
July 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Apocynum cannabinum L.

Apocynum cannabinum plant

Family - Apocynaceae

Stems - To 1m tall, glabrous below, pubescent or villous above, glaucous, purplish, branching above, erect, single from base, rhizomatous.

Apocynum cannabinum stem

Apocynum cannabinum stem Stem with milky sap.

Leaves - Opposite, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, sessile or on short petioles, glabrous to variously pubescent, typically acute at tip, entire, to +10cm long, +4cm broad.

Inflorescence - Terminal and axillary dense cymes. Pedicels short, to -3mm long. Flowers each subtended by a small lanceolate bract to 2mm long.

Apocynum cannabinum inflorescence

Flowers - Corolla tubular, whitish to greenish-white, small, to 5mm long, 5-lobed, glabrous internally and externally. Lobes ovate to triangular, acute, spreading, 2mm long. Stamens 5, alternating with corolla lobes, included. Anthers orange, connate around stigma. Nectaries 5, alternating with stamens. Ovary of two carpels. Placentation parietal. Follicles to 20cm long, spreading or erect, typically slightly curved. Seeds with a coma.

Apocynum cannabinum flower Flower close-up.

Flowering - May - August.

Habitat - Open woods, pastures, waste ground, disturbed sites, wooded slopes, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to U.S.

Other info. - This species can be found throughout Missouri and is quite common. It can be identified in the field by its reddish stems, milky sap, opposite leaves, and small white flowers.
A. cannabinum is used as "Hemp", made from the twisted fibers of the plant. The species epithet means "Hemplike". Traditionally the plant was also used to treat a variety of ailments. The sap of the plant contains cardiac glycosides and is toxic in moderate to large doses. Some of the secondary compounds of the plant have shown antitumor activity.
Steyermark divides the species into two varieties. Variety cannabinum (pictured above) is basically glabrous throughout the entire plant. Variety pubescens exhibits pubescence on the leaves, stems, and calyx. Both are common.

Photographs taken at the Kansas City Zoo, 6-11-00, and in St. Louis, MO., 7-28-03.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=APCA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=APCA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=APCA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=APCA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=APCA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=APCA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Apocynum cannabinum L.
Indianhemp

Image of Apocynum cannabinum

General Information
Symbol: APCA
Group: Dicot
Family: Apocynaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   N
L48   N
Characteristics
Plant Guide (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Apocynum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

©Thomas G. Barnes. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Francis. 2004. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky . University Press of Kentucky. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Ted Bodner. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©James H. Miller. James H. Miller and Karl V. Miller. 2005. Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. University of Georgia Press., Athens. Provided by University of Georgia Press . Scanned by Forestry Images . Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

©Al Schneider. Southwest Colorado Wildflowers . United States, CO, NM, AZ, UT, Four Corners vicinity, within 150 miles of the corners. Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Jennifer Anderson. United States, IA, Scott Co., Davenport, Nahant Marsh. 2002. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 22. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 23. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 3: 22. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
APCAA Apocynum cannabinum L. var. angustifolium (Wooton) N.H. Holmgren
APCAG Apocynum cannabinum L. var. glaberrimum A. DC.
APCAG2 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. greeneanum (Bég. & Beloserky) Woodson
APCAH Apocynum cannabinum L. var. hypericifolium (Aiton) A. Gray
APCAN Apocynum cannabinum L. var. nemorale (G.S. Mill.) Fernald
APCAP2 Apocynum cannabinum L. var. pubescens (Mitchell ex R. Br.) Woodson
APCAS Apocynum cannabinum L. var. suksdorfii (Greene) Bég. & Beloserky
APHY2 Apocynum hypericifolium Aiton
APPU2 Apocynum pubescens Mitchell ex R. Br.
APSI Apocynum sibiricum Jacq.
APSIC Apocynum sibiricum Jacq. var. cordigerum (Greene) Fernald
APSIF Apocynum sibiricum Jacq. var. farwellii (Greene) Fernald
APSIS Apocynum sibiricum Jacq. var. salignum (Greene) Fernald
APSU Apocynum suksdorfii Greene
APSUA2 Apocynum suksdorfii Greene var. angustifolium (Wooton) Woodson

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Asteridae
Order Gentianales
Family Apocynaceae – Dogbane family
Genus Apocynum L. – dogbane
Species Apocynum cannabinum L. – Indianhemp

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

Threatened and Endangered Information:
This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Common names are from state and federal lists. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location.
Maryland Apocynum sibiricum
clasping-leaved dogbane Endangered, Extirpated
U.S. Weed Information
Apocynum cannabinum Indian hemp common dogbane dogbane hemp dogbane This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.
WSWS Whitson, T.D. (ed.) et al.. 1996. Weeds of the West . Western Society of Weed Science in cooperation with Cooperative Extension Services, University of Wyoming. Laramie, Wyoming.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FACU
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FAC
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (APCA)
CalPhotos (APCA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCAA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCAG)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCAG2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCAH)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCAN)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCAP2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APCAS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APHY2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APPU2)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APSI)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APSIC)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APSIF)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APSIS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APSU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (APSUA2)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (APCA)
Kemper Center for Home Gardening (APCA)
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (APCA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (APCA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (APCA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (APCA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (APCA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (APCA)
Related Websites
NE-University of Nebraska Weed Publications (APCA)
Purdue University, Botany Department: no-till abstract & images (APCA)
Virginia: abstract & image (APCA)
Woody Plants of the Central Santa Ynez Mountains: image (APCA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 86
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Apocynum cannabinum%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0015 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0016 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0014 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0013 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 5161 1631 2512 0012 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0500 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0501 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indian Hemp
ID: 0000 0000 0604 0502 [detail]
© 2004 Jeff Abbas

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0105 0645 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0406 1680 [detail]
© 2006 Laura Ann Eliassen

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1160 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0506 1161 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0308 0349 [detail]
© 2008 Chris Winchell

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0308 0348 [detail]
© 2008 Chris Winchell

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0308 0347 [detail]
© 2008 Chris Winchell

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0308 0346 [detail]
© 2008 Chris Winchell

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1362 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1363 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1364 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
Indianhemp
ID: 0000 0000 0806 1365 [detail]
© 2006 Joseph Dougherty, M.D./ecology.org

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0394 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0107 0395 [detail]
© 2007 Louis-M. Landry

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0308 0351 [detail]
© 2008 Chris Winchell

Apocynum cannabinum
Apocynum cannabinum
ID: 0000 0000 0308 0350 [detail]
© 2008 Chris Winchell

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