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Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton
WINTER-CRESS
Barbarea stricta; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J Presl & C Presl) Rchb; Garden yellowrocket; Bittercress; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J Presl & C Presl) Rchb; Barbarea stricta auct non Andrz; Campe barbarea (L) W Wight ex Piper; Campe stricta auct non (Andrz) W Wight ex Piper

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Barbarea

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

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Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view

Barbarea vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - on upper stem

Barbarea vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (14); 184249A (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena algida @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena arabis @ AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (670); UCRC_ENT (2)

Andrena barbara @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena barbilabris @ CUIC_ENT (25)

Andrena bisalicis @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena bradleyi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena brevipalpis @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena carlini @ CUIC_ENT (52)

Andrena ceanothi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena commoda @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ CUIC_ENT (313)

Andrena cressonii @ CUIC_ENT (21); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena dunningi @ CUIC_ENT (7)

Andrena erythrogaster @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena erythronii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena forbesii @ CUIC_ENT (56); UCMS_ENT (1); UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena hilaris @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Andrena hippotes @ CUIC_ENT (143)

Andrena imitatrix @ CUIC_ENT (39)

Andrena integra @ CUIC_ENT (34)

Andrena mariae @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Andrena milwaukeensis @ CUIC_ENT (16)

Andrena miranda @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena miserabilis @ CUIC_ENT (23); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (190); UCMS_ENT (6)

Andrena nigrae @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena nigrihirta @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nivalis @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena nuda @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena perplexa @ CUIC_ENT (29)

Andrena persimulata @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena platyparia @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena regularis @ CUIC_ENT (8)

Andrena robertsonii @ CUIC_ENT (10)

Andrena rufosignata @ CUIC_ENT (10)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (70)

Andrena salictaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena sigmundi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena spiraeana @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena thaspii @ CUIC_ENT (8)

Andrena vicina @ AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (24); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena w-scripta @ CUIC_ENT (41)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (133)

Andrena ziziae @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Apidae  Bombus ashtoni @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Ceratina calcarata @ UCMS_ENT (5); UCRC_ENT (8)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (9)

Nomada maculata @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (3)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Hylaeus affinis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Hylaeus schwarzii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Agapostemon texanus @ UCMS_ENT (35)

Agapostemon virescens @ CUIC_ENT (2); UCMS_ENT (1)

Augochlora pura @ CUIC_ENT (7)

Augochlorella aurata @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Augochloropsis metallica @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Halictus confusus @ CUIC_ENT (17)

Halictus ligatus @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum athabascense @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum birkmanni @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum bruneri @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (87)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (14)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (252)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ CUIC_ENT (9)

Lasioglossum inconditum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ CUIC_ENT (24); UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum obscurum @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Lasioglossum oceanicum @ CUIC_ENT (2); UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum paradmirandum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (6)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ CUIC_ENT (106)

Lasioglossum trigeminum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (23)

Lasioglossum versans @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum versatum @ CUIC_ENT (4); UCMS_ENT (1)

Sphecodes ranunculi @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Helotiaceae  Heteropatella bonordenii @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Coelioxys sayi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hoplitis producta @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile mendica @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia caerulescens @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia georgica @ UCRC_ENT (1)

Osmia lignaria @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora barbareae @ BPI (2)

Cercospora cruciferarum @ BPI (2)

Ramularia barbareae @ BPI (34)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora barbareae @ BPI (6)

Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium caudatum @ BPI (1)
_  Depazea barbareicola @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Flora of North America
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FNA Vol. 7 Page 460, 461 , 462 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Barbarea

1. Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 109. 1812.

Cress, yellow-rocket, cressy-greens

Erysimum barbarea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 660. 1753; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex C. Presl) Reichenbach; B. vulgaris var. arcuata (Opiz ex C. Presl) Fries; E. arcuatum Opiz ex C. Presl

Biennials or, rarely, perennials; glabrous throughout or margins ciliate. Stems (1.5-)2-9(-12) dm. Basal leaves: petiole (0.5-)2-10(-17) cm; blade lyrate-pinnatifid, (1-)2-8(-10) cm, lobes 1-3(-5) on each side (rarely early ones undivided), lateral lobes oblong or ovate, 0.3-2(-4) cm × 1-8(-15) mm, sometimes slightly fleshy, margins entire, repand, crenate, or dentate, terminal lobe (ovate or suborbicular), (0.7-)1.5-4.5(-7) cm × (4-)10-30(-50) mm, (surfaces glabrous or margins ciliate). Cauline leaves: blade ovate or suborbicular (undivided), margins usually coarsely dentate, rarely subentire; conspicuously auriculate, auricles ovate or narrowly oblong (to 10 × 5 mm), glabrous. Fruiting pedicels divaricate to ascending or erect, 3-7 mm, terete or subquadrangular, thickened (narrower than fruit). Flowers: sepals 3-4.5(-5) × 1-1.5 mm, lateral pair slightly saccate basally, margins scarious; petals yellow, spatulate or oblanceolate, (5-)6-9(-10) × 1.5-2.5(-3.5) mm, base attenuate, apex rounded; filaments 3-4.5 mm; anthers 0.7-1.2 mm; ovules 18-24(-28) per ovary; gynophore to 0.5 mm. Fruits erect to erect-ascending, rarely appressed to rachis, torulose, terete, somewhat compressed, or 4-angled, (0.7-)1.5-3 cm × 1.2-2 mm; style slender, (1-)1.5-3(-3.5) mm. Seeds dark brown, plump, broadly ovoid to oblong or subglobose, 1.2-1.5 × 1-1.2 mm. 2 n = 16.

Flowering Apr-Jul. Waste places, ditches, riverbanks, damp grasslands, roadsides, fields, disturbed sites; 0-3000 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; n Africa.

Barbarea vulgaris , which is sometimes grown as a potherb, is highly variable in length and orientation of fruit and fruiting pedicel, style length, and the division of cauline leaves. Several varieties have been recognized, and they represent some of the many points along one continuum. In my opinion, it is better not to recognize any infraspecific taxa in North America.

Updated: 2024-05-21 05:06:01 gmt
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