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Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton
WINTER-CRESS
Barbarea stricta; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J Presl & C Presl) Rchb; Garden yellowrocket; Bittercress; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J Presl & C Presl) Rchb; Barbarea stricta auct non Andrz; Campe barbarea (L) W Wight ex Piper; Campe stricta auct non (Andrz) W Wight ex Piper

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Barbarea

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

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Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view

Barbarea vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - on upper stem

Barbarea vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Albuginaceae  Albugo candida @ BPI (14); 184249A (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena algida @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena arabis @ CUIC_ENT (670); AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena barbara @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena barbilabris @ CUIC_ENT (25)

Andrena bisalicis @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena bradleyi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena brevipalpis @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena carlini @ CUIC_ENT (52)

Andrena ceanothi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena commoda @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ CUIC_ENT (313)

Andrena cressonii @ CUIC_ENT (21); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena dunningi @ CUIC_ENT (7)

Andrena erythrogaster @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena erythronii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena forbesii @ CUIC_ENT (56); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena hippotes @ CUIC_ENT (143)

Andrena imitatrix @ CUIC_ENT (39)

Andrena integra @ CUIC_ENT (34)

Andrena mariae @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Andrena milwaukeensis @ CUIC_ENT (16)

Andrena miranda @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena miserabilis @ UCMS_ENT (1); CUIC_ENT (23)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (190); UCMS_ENT (6)

Andrena nigrae @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena nigrihirta @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nivalis @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena nuda @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena perplexa @ CUIC_ENT (29)

Andrena persimulata @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena platyparia @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena regularis @ CUIC_ENT (8)

Andrena robertsonii @ CUIC_ENT (10)

Andrena rufosignata @ CUIC_ENT (10)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (70)

Andrena salictaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena sigmundi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena spiraeana @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena thaspii @ CUIC_ENT (8)

Andrena vicina @ CUIC_ENT (24); UCMS_ENT (1); AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena w-scripta @ CUIC_ENT (41)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (133)

Andrena ziziae @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Apidae  Bombus ashtoni @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Ceratina calcarata @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (9)

Nomada maculata @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (3)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Hylaeus affinis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Hylaeus schwarzii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Agapostemon texanus @ UCMS_ENT (35)

Agapostemon virescens @ CUIC_ENT (2); UCMS_ENT (1)

Augochlora pura @ CUIC_ENT (7)

Augochlorella aurata @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Augochloropsis metallica @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Halictus confusus @ CUIC_ENT (17)

Halictus ligatus @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum athabascense @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum birkmanni @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum bruneri @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (87)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (14)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (252)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ CUIC_ENT (9)

Lasioglossum inconditum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ UCMS_ENT (1); CUIC_ENT (24)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum obscurum @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Lasioglossum oceanicum @ CUIC_ENT (2); UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum paradmirandum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (6)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ CUIC_ENT (106)

Lasioglossum trigeminum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (23)

Lasioglossum versans @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum versatum @ CUIC_ENT (4); UCMS_ENT (1)

Sphecodes ranunculi @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Helotiaceae  Heteropatella bonordenii @ BPI (1)
Megachilidae  Coelioxys sayi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hoplitis producta @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile mendica @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia caerulescens @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia lignaria @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Mycosphaerellaceae  Cercospora barbareae @ BPI (2)

Cercospora cruciferarum @ BPI (2)

Ramularia barbareae @ BPI (34)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Peronosporaceae  Peronospora barbareae @ BPI (6)

Peronospora parasitica @ BPI (1)
Pleosporaceae  Macrosporium caudatum @ BPI (1)
_  Depazea barbareicola @ BPI (1)

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Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. Yellow Rocket
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Barbarea vulgaris
Bellevue State Park
April 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. - Yellow Rocket

Barbarea vulgaris plant

Family - Brassicacaea

Stems - To -1m tall, multiple from base, branching, glabrous, herbaceous, from taproot, erect, carinate, greenish-purple.

Barbarea vulgaris stem

Leaves - Alternate. Lower leaves lyrate, petiolate, glabrous or with some sparse pubescence, to +20cm long. Lobes with coarse shallow teeth or entire. Upper leaves reduced, sessile, entire or with a few coarse teeth.

Barbarea vulgais leaf Lower leaf.

Inflorescence - Compact terminal racemes elongating in fruit to +40cm long. Flowers on pedicels to 3mm long. Pedicels elongating in fruit to 6mm long, 4-angled, glabrous.

Barbarea vulgaris inflorescence

Flowers - Petals 4, yellow, free, 7-8mm long, 2-3mm broad, truncate at apex, glabrous, tapering and lighter yellow to white at base. Stamens 6, erect. Longer 4 stamens with filaments to 4mm long. Filaments glabrous, whitish yellow, with glands at base. Anthers yellow, 1.1-1.5mm broad. Ovary (sub)terete, green, glabrous, 4mm long. Style 1.8mm long, persistent. Stigma sub-biglobose. Sepals 4, greenish-yellow, glabrous, 4-5mm long, 1-1.5mm broad, with lighter yellow margins.

Barbarea vulgaris calyx Calyx.

Barbarea vulgaris flower Flower.

Fruit - Siliques glabrous, many seeded, erect to spreading, 2-3cm long, slightly compressed, beaked. Beak to 3mm long.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Waste ground, disturbed sites, pastures, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Its hard to miss this plant in the middle of spring. The bright and abundant yellow flowers dominate the roadsides and waste places. It is yet another one of aggressive, introduced members of the Brassicaceae we see so often in this state. Care should be taken not to spread the plant.
The leaves can be eaten but have a sharp, bitter quality.

Photographs taken at Danville Conservation Area, Montgomery County, MO., 4-17-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Bavu ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Bavu
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BAVU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BAVU
&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 501 Protocol scheme 'https' is not supported (LWP::Protocol::https not installed) https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BAVU

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 7 Page 460, 461 , 462 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Barbarea

1. Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 109. 1812.

Cress, yellow-rocket, cressy-greens

Erysimum barbarea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 660. 1753; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex C. Presl) Reichenbach; B. vulgaris var. arcuata (Opiz ex C. Presl) Fries; E. arcuatum Opiz ex C. Presl

Biennials or, rarely, perennials; glabrous throughout or margins ciliate. Stems (1.5-)2-9(-12) dm. Basal leaves: petiole (0.5-)2-10(-17) cm; blade lyrate-pinnatifid, (1-)2-8(-10) cm, lobes 1-3(-5) on each side (rarely early ones undivided), lateral lobes oblong or ovate, 0.3-2(-4) cm × 1-8(-15) mm, sometimes slightly fleshy, margins entire, repand, crenate, or dentate, terminal lobe (ovate or suborbicular), (0.7-)1.5-4.5(-7) cm × (4-)10-30(-50) mm, (surfaces glabrous or margins ciliate). Cauline leaves: blade ovate or suborbicular (undivided), margins usually coarsely dentate, rarely subentire; conspicuously auriculate, auricles ovate or narrowly oblong (to 10 × 5 mm), glabrous. Fruiting pedicels divaricate to ascending or erect, 3-7 mm, terete or subquadrangular, thickened (narrower than fruit). Flowers: sepals 3-4.5(-5) × 1-1.5 mm, lateral pair slightly saccate basally, margins scarious; petals yellow, spatulate or oblanceolate, (5-)6-9(-10) × 1.5-2.5(-3.5) mm, base attenuate, apex rounded; filaments 3-4.5 mm; anthers 0.7-1.2 mm; ovules 18-24(-28) per ovary; gynophore to 0.5 mm. Fruits erect to erect-ascending, rarely appressed to rachis, torulose, terete, somewhat compressed, or 4-angled, (0.7-)1.5-3 cm × 1.2-2 mm; style slender, (1-)1.5-3(-3.5) mm. Seeds dark brown, plump, broadly ovoid to oblong or subglobose, 1.2-1.5 × 1-1.2 mm. 2 n = 16.

Flowering Apr-Jul. Waste places, ditches, riverbanks, damp grasslands, roadsides, fields, disturbed sites; 0-3000 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; n Africa.

Barbarea vulgaris , which is sometimes grown as a potherb, is highly variable in length and orientation of fruit and fruiting pedicel, style length, and the division of cauline leaves. Several varieties have been recognized, and they represent some of the many points along one continuum. In my opinion, it is better not to recognize any infraspecific taxa in North America.

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 18
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Barbarea vulgaris%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Crest
ID: 5208 1611 2177 0003 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Crest Yellow Rocket
ID: 5208 1611 2177 0001 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Crest
ID: 5208 1611 2177 0002 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0945 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0946 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0947 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0948 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0949 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0103 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0104 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0105 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0106 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2696 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2697 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2698 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2699 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2700 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2701 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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