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Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton
WINTER-CRESS
Barbarea stricta; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J Presl & C Presl) Rchb; Garden yellowrocket; Bittercress; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J Presl & C Presl) Rchb; Barbarea stricta auct non Andrz; Campe barbarea (L) W Wight ex Piper; Campe stricta auct non (Andrz) W Wight ex Piper

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Brassicaceae   Barbarea

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

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Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris

Barbarea vulgaris
© Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, whole plant - in flower - general view

Barbarea vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, inflorescence - whole - unspecified
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - on upper stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - on upper stem

Barbarea vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, stem - showing leaf bases
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem
© Copyright Steve Baskauf, 2002-2011 · 4
Barbarea vulgaris, leaf - basal or on lower stem

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Andrenidae  Andrena algida @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena arabis @ AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (670)

Andrena barbara @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena barbilabris @ CUIC_ENT (25)

Andrena bisalicis @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena bradleyi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena brevipalpis @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena carlini @ CUIC_ENT (52)

Andrena ceanothi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena commoda @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ CUIC_ENT (313)

Andrena cressonii @ CUIC_ENT (21); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena dunningi @ CUIC_ENT (7)

Andrena erythrogaster @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena erythronii @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena forbesii @ CUIC_ENT (56); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena hippotes @ CUIC_ENT (143)

Andrena imitatrix @ CUIC_ENT (39)

Andrena integra @ CUIC_ENT (34)

Andrena mariae @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Andrena milwaukeensis @ CUIC_ENT (16)

Andrena miranda @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena miserabilis @ CUIC_ENT (23); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena nasonii @ CUIC_ENT (190); UCMS_ENT (6)

Andrena nigrae @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Andrena nigrihirta @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nivalis @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena nuda @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena perplexa @ CUIC_ENT (29)

Andrena persimulata @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Andrena platyparia @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena regularis @ CUIC_ENT (8)

Andrena robertsonii @ CUIC_ENT (10)

Andrena rufosignata @ CUIC_ENT (10)

Andrena rugosa @ CUIC_ENT (70)

Andrena salictaria @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena sigmundi @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena spiraeana @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena thaspii @ CUIC_ENT (8)

Andrena vicina @ AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (24); UCMS_ENT (1)

Andrena w-scripta @ CUIC_ENT (41)

Andrena wilkella @ CUIC_ENT (133)

Andrena ziziae @ CUIC_ENT (1)
Apidae  Bombus ashtoni @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Ceratina calcarata @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Ceratina dupla @ UCMS_ENT (9)

Nomada maculata @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (3)
Colletidae  Colletes inaequalis @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Hylaeus affinis @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Hylaeus schwarzii @ UCMS_ENT (1)
Halictidae  Agapostemon splendens @ UCMS_ENT (5)

Agapostemon texanus @ UCMS_ENT (35)

Agapostemon virescens @ CUIC_ENT (2); UCMS_ENT (1)

Augochlora pura @ CUIC_ENT (7)

Augochlorella aurata @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Augochloropsis metallica @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Halictus confusus @ CUIC_ENT (17)

Halictus ligatus @ UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum athabascense @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum birkmanni @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum bruneri @ UCMS_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (87)

Lasioglossum coriaceum @ UCMS_ENT (14)

Lasioglossum cressonii @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (252)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ CUIC_ENT (9)

Lasioglossum inconditum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Lasioglossum leucocomum @ CUIC_ENT (4)

Lasioglossum lineatulum @ CUIC_ENT (24); UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum macoupinense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum obscurum @ CUIC_ENT (15)

Lasioglossum oceanicum @ CUIC_ENT (2); UCMS_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum paradmirandum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pectorale @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ UCMS_ENT (6)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ CUIC_ENT (106)

Lasioglossum trigeminum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (23)

Lasioglossum versans @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum versatum @ CUIC_ENT (4); UCMS_ENT (1)

Sphecodes ranunculi @ UCMS_ENT (2)
Megachilidae  Coelioxys sayi @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Hoplitis producta @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile mendica @ UCMS_ENT (1)

Megachile relativa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia caerulescens @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia lignaria @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)
Pentatomidae  Murgantia histrionica @ UDCC_TCN (2)

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ERROR -- Need to remove recursive link: http://pick18.pick.uga.edu/mp/20p%3Fsee%3DI_USID74%26res%3D320 USID_Seeds

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
   Top | See original

Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Barbarea vulgaris Ait. f. Yellow Rocket
Brassicaceae — Mustard family
Non-native
Barbarea vulgaris
Bellevue State Park
April 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Barbarea vulgaris R. Br. - Yellow Rocket

Barbarea vulgaris plant

Family - Brassicacaea

Stems - To -1m tall, multiple from base, branching, glabrous, herbaceous, from taproot, erect, carinate, greenish-purple.

Barbarea vulgaris stem

Leaves - Alternate. Lower leaves lyrate, petiolate, glabrous or with some sparse pubescence, to +20cm long. Lobes with coarse shallow teeth or entire. Upper leaves reduced, sessile, entire or with a few coarse teeth.

Barbarea vulgais leaf Lower leaf.

Inflorescence - Compact terminal racemes elongating in fruit to +40cm long. Flowers on pedicels to 3mm long. Pedicels elongating in fruit to 6mm long, 4-angled, glabrous.

Barbarea vulgaris inflorescence

Flowers - Petals 4, yellow, free, 7-8mm long, 2-3mm broad, truncate at apex, glabrous, tapering and lighter yellow to white at base. Stamens 6, erect. Longer 4 stamens with filaments to 4mm long. Filaments glabrous, whitish yellow, with glands at base. Anthers yellow, 1.1-1.5mm broad. Ovary (sub)terete, green, glabrous, 4mm long. Style 1.8mm long, persistent. Stigma sub-biglobose. Sepals 4, greenish-yellow, glabrous, 4-5mm long, 1-1.5mm broad, with lighter yellow margins.

Barbarea vulgaris calyx Calyx.

Barbarea vulgaris flower Flower.

Fruit - Siliques glabrous, many seeded, erect to spreading, 2-3cm long, slightly compressed, beaked. Beak to 3mm long.

Flowering - April - June.

Habitat - Waste ground, disturbed sites, pastures, roadsides, railroads.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - Its hard to miss this plant in the middle of spring. The bright and abundant yellow flowers dominate the roadsides and waste places. It is yet another one of aggressive, introduced members of the Brassicaceae we see so often in this state. Care should be taken not to spread the plant.
The leaves can be eaten but have a sharp, bitter quality.

Photographs taken at Danville Conservation Area, Montgomery County, MO., 4-17-04.


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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Bavu ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Bavu
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=Bavu ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=Bavu
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=Bavu ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=Bavu
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton
garden yellowrocket

Image of Barbarea vulgaris

General Information
Symbol: BAVU
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
GL   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Barbarea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Royal Botanic Gardens. March 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Royal Botanic Gardens. March 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 177. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 177. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BAAR3 Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl) Rchb.
BAST Barbarea stricta auct. non Andrz.
BAVUA Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. arcuata (Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl) Fr.
BAVUB Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. brachycarpa Rouy & Foucaud
BAVUL Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. longisiliquosa Carion
BAVUS Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. sylvestris Fr.
CABA17 Campe barbarea (L.) W. Wight ex Piper
CAST13 Campe stricta auct. non (Andrz.) W. Wight ex Piper

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Barbarea W.T. Aiton – yellowrocket
Species Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton – garden yellowrocket

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Barbarea vulgaris garden yellow rocket winter cress yellow rocket This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BAVU)
CalPhotos (BAVU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAAR3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAST)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CABA17)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAST13)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BAVU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BAVU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BAVU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (BAVU)
Related Websites
Japanese photo (BAVU)
Seed photo from Japan (BAVU)
Swedish Virtual Flora: images & text (in Swedish) (BAVU)
Virginia Tech: abstract & image (BAVU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
   Top | See original

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BAVU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BAVU
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=BAVU ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BAVU
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BAVU ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BAVU
Link: Skip repetitive navigation links
USDA and NRCS Identifier NRCS Logo
USDA.gov Web Site PLANTS photo banner
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PLANTS Topics
 
 Alternative Crops
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 Cover Crops
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 Documentation
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 Wetland Indicator Status
 
PLANTS Image Gallery
 
 50,000+ Plant Images
 
Download PLANTS data
 
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton
garden yellowrocket

Image of Barbarea vulgaris

General Information
Symbol: BAVU
Group: Dicot
Family: Brassicaceae
Duration: Biennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : CAN   I
GL   I
L48   I
SPM   I
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Barbarea thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Robert H. Mohlenbrock. USDA SCS. 1989. Midwest wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species . Midwest National Technical Center, Lincoln. Provided by USDA NRCS Wetland Science Institute (WSI). Usage Requirements .

Brother Alfred Brousseau. Provided by St. Mary's College of California . ©St. Mary's College of California. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Royal Botanic Gardens. March 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

©J.S. Peterson. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Australia, New South Wales, Sydney, Royal Botanic Gardens. March 13, 2002. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 177. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 177. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

USDA NRCS. Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Provided by NRCS National Wetland Team . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Symbol Scientific Name
BAAR3 Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl) Rchb.
BAST Barbarea stricta auct. non Andrz.
BAVUA Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. arcuata (Opiz ex J. Presl & C. Presl) Fr.
BAVUB Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. brachycarpa Rouy & Foucaud
BAVUL Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. longisiliquosa Carion
BAVUS Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton var. sylvestris Fr.
CABA17 Campe barbarea (L.) W. Wight ex Piper
CAST13 Campe stricta auct. non (Andrz.) W. Wight ex Piper

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Dilleniidae
Order Capparales
Family Brassicaceae ⁄ Cruciferae – Mustard family
Genus Barbarea W.T. Aiton – yellowrocket
Species Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton – garden yellowrocket

Subordinate Taxa

This plant has no children

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Barbarea vulgaris garden yellow rocket winter cress yellow rocket This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
KY Haragan, P.D.. 1991. Weeds of Kentucky and adjacent states: a field guide . The University Press of Kentucky. Lexington, Kentucky.
N'EAST Uva, R.H., J.C. Neal,and J.M. DiTomaso. 1997. Weeds of the Northeast . Cornell University Press. Ithaca, New York.
NE&GP Stubbendieck, J., G.Y. Friisoe,and M.R. Bolick. 1994. Weeds of Nebraska and the Great Plains . Nebraska Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry. Lincoln, Nebraska.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

North America
Alaska FACU
Arid West FAC
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain FAC
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont FACU
Great Plains FACU
Midwest FAC
Northcentral & Northeast FAC
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast FAC

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (BAVU)
CalPhotos (BAVU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAAR3)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAST)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVU)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUB)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUL)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (BAVUS)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CABA17)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (CAST13)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (BAVU)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (BAVU)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (BAVU)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (BAVU)
Related Websites
Japanese photo (BAVU)
Seed photo from Japan (BAVU)
Swedish Virtual Flora: images & text (in Swedish) (BAVU)
Virginia Tech: abstract & image (BAVU)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover


 PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links
Accessibility Statement | Privacy Policy | Non-Discrimination Statement

Following modified from Flora of North America
   Top | See original

Link to Flora of North America home
 
All Floras       Advanced Search
FNA Vol. 7 Page 460, 461 , 462 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FNA | Family List | FNA Vol. 7 | Brassicaceae | Barbarea

1. Barbarea vulgaris W. T. Aiton in W. Aiton and W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 4: 109. 1812.

Cress, yellow-rocket, cressy-greens

Erysimum barbarea Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 660. 1753; Barbarea arcuata (Opiz ex C. Presl) Reichenbach; B. vulgaris var. arcuata (Opiz ex C. Presl) Fries; E. arcuatum Opiz ex C. Presl

Biennials or, rarely, perennials; glabrous throughout or margins ciliate. Stems (1.5-)2-9(-12) dm. Basal leaves: petiole (0.5-)2-10(-17) cm; blade lyrate-pinnatifid, (1-)2-8(-10) cm, lobes 1-3(-5) on each side (rarely early ones undivided), lateral lobes oblong or ovate, 0.3-2(-4) cm × 1-8(-15) mm, sometimes slightly fleshy, margins entire, repand, crenate, or dentate, terminal lobe (ovate or suborbicular), (0.7-)1.5-4.5(-7) cm × (4-)10-30(-50) mm, (surfaces glabrous or margins ciliate). Cauline leaves: blade ovate or suborbicular (undivided), margins usually coarsely dentate, rarely subentire; conspicuously auriculate, auricles ovate or narrowly oblong (to 10 × 5 mm), glabrous. Fruiting pedicels divaricate to ascending or erect, 3-7 mm, terete or subquadrangular, thickened (narrower than fruit). Flowers: sepals 3-4.5(-5) × 1-1.5 mm, lateral pair slightly saccate basally, margins scarious; petals yellow, spatulate or oblanceolate, (5-)6-9(-10) × 1.5-2.5(-3.5) mm, base attenuate, apex rounded; filaments 3-4.5 mm; anthers 0.7-1.2 mm; ovules 18-24(-28) per ovary; gynophore to 0.5 mm. Fruits erect to erect-ascending, rarely appressed to rachis, torulose, terete, somewhat compressed, or 4-angled, (0.7-)1.5-3 cm × 1.2-2 mm; style slender, (1-)1.5-3(-3.5) mm. Seeds dark brown, plump, broadly ovoid to oblong or subglobose, 1.2-1.5 × 1-1.2 mm. 2 n = 16.

Flowering Apr-Jul. Waste places, ditches, riverbanks, damp grasslands, roadsides, fields, disturbed sites; 0-3000 m; introduced; Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask.; Ala., Alaska, Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Ga., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Mont., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Tenn., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.; Europe; Asia; n Africa.

Barbarea vulgaris , which is sometimes grown as a potherb, is highly variable in length and orientation of fruit and fruiting pedicel, style length, and the division of cauline leaves. Several varieties have been recognized, and they represent some of the many points along one continuum. In my opinion, it is better not to recognize any infraspecific taxa in North America.

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Number of matches : 18
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Barbarea vulgaris%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

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Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Crest
ID: 5208 1611 2177 0003 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Crest Yellow Rocket
ID: 5208 1611 2177 0001 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Crest
ID: 5208 1611 2177 0002 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0945 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0946 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0947 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0948 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 1007 0949 [detail]
© 2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0103 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0104 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0105 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Common Winter Cress
ID: 0000 0000 0211 0106 [detail]
© 2011 Steven Perry

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2696 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2697 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2698 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2699 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2700 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris
Garden Yellow-rocket
ID: 0000 1111 1234 2701 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

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