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Medicago sativa L.
LYCERNE
Alfalfa; Lucerne; Lucern; Medicago caerulea Less ex Ledeb; Medicago falcata L

Life   Plantae   Dicotyledoneae   Fabaceae   Medicago

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Medicago sativa
© Les Mehrhoff, 2008-2010 · 2
Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa, seeds
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Medicago sativa, seeds

Medicago sativa, seed
© Copyright Seeds USID 2015 · 1
Medicago sativa, seed
Medicago sativa, leaf and flower
© Kay Yatskievych, 2003 · 1
Medicago sativa, leaf and flower

Associates · map
FamilyScientific name @ source (records)
Acanaloniidae  Acanalonia bivittata @ MEMU_ENT (1); AMNH_IZC (1)
Aleyrodidae  Bemisia tabaci @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Trialeurodes abutiloneus @ CSCA_TCN (8)
Alydidae  Alydus pilosulus @ NCSU (1)
Andrenidae  Andrena amphibola @ BBSL (2)

Andrena candida @ BBSL (4)

Andrena cerasifolii @ BBSL (1)

Andrena commoda @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena crataegi @ BBSL (2); CUIC_ENT (2)

Andrena flavipes @ BBSL (6)

Andrena forsterella @ BBSL (2)

Andrena hallii @ BBSL (3)

Andrena helianthi @ BBSL (1)

Andrena heraclei @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Andrena imitatrix @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena miranda @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Andrena miserabilis @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Andrena nasonii @ BBSL__BBSLID (1); CUIC_ENT (1)

Andrena nivalis @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Andrena pertristis @ BBSL (1)

Andrena piperi @ BMEC_ENT (1)

Andrena prunorum @ BBSL (5)

Andrena quintiliformis @ BBSL (1)

Andrena scurra @ BBSL (2)

Andrena sola @ BBSL (1)

Andrena thoracica @ BBSL (1)

Andrena wilkella @ BBSL__BBSLID (1); CUIC_ENT (234); UCMS_ENT (4)

Calliopsis andreniformis @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Calliopsis scutellaris @ BBSL (9)

Melitturga clavicornis @ I_JSA (1)

Protandrena perlaevis @ BBSL (1)
Anthocoridae  Orius insidiosus @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Aphalaridae  Aphalara dentata @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Craspedolepta martini @ CSCA_TCN (2)
Aphelinidae  Encarsia @ UCRC_ENTA (16)

Eretmocerus sp_pakistan @ UCRC_ENTA (1)
Aphididae  Acyrthosiphon ( @ NCSU_ENT (38); CSCA_TCN (5)

Aphis ( @ NCSU_ENT (1); CSCA_TCN (1)

Cryptomyzus ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Forda marginata @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Macrosiphum ( @ CSCA_TCN (1)

Myzus ( @ CSCA_TCN (4)

Sipha flava @ NCSU (2)

Therioaphis ( @ NCSU (23); CSCA_TCN (21)
Apidae  Amegilla albigena @ BBSL (29)

Amegilla quadrifasciata @ BBSL (84)

Amegilla salviae @ BBSL (20)

Amegilla velocissima @ BBSL (90)

Anthophora boharti @ BBSL (1)

Anthophora bomboides @ BBSL (3)

Anthophora californica @ BBSL (5)

Anthophora edwardsii @ BBSL (3)

Anthophora lesquerellae @ BBSL (1)

Anthophora urbana @ BBSL (12)

Apis mellifera @ BBSL (4)

Bombus affinis @ CUIC_ENT (11)

Bombus appositus @ BBSL (2)

Bombus ashtoni @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Bombus borealis @ AMNH_BEE (3)

Bombus crotchii @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus fervidus @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (2)

Bombus flavifrons @ BBSL (1)

Bombus griseocollis @ BBSL__JPS (1); BBSL (12); AMNH_BEE (8); CUIC_ENT (2)

Bombus humilis @ BBSL (2)

Bombus huntii @ BBSL__JPS (1); BBSL (8); AMNH_BEE (1)

Bombus insularis @ BBSL (3)

Bombus morrisoni @ BBSL (7)

Bombus pensylvanicus @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Bombus rufocinctus @ BBSL (2); AMNH_BEE (2)

Bombus ternarius @ AMNH_BEE (5); CUIC_ENT (2)

Bombus terricola @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Bombus zonatus @ BBSL (4)

Centris buchholzi @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Centris cockerelli @ BBSL (1)

Centris pallida @ BBSL (6)

Centris rhodopus @ BBSL (6)

Ceratina pacifica @ BBSL (4)

Diadasia bosqi @ BBSL (2)

Eucera actuosa @ BBSL (3)

Eucera edwardsii @ BBSL (17)

Eucera frater @ BBSL (1)

Florilegus condignus @ BBSL (19)

Habropoda cineraria @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes agilis @ BBSL (4); AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes bimaculata @ BBSL (3); AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes coreopsis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Melissodes dagosa @ BBSL (47); CUIC_ENT (1)

Melissodes desponsa @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Melissodes druriella @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Melissodes lupina @ BBSL (4)

Melissodes lutulenta @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes menuachus @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes rivalis @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes subagilis @ BBSL (1)

Melissodes tepida @ BBSL (24)

Nomada collinsiana @ BBSL (1)

Nomada gutierreziae @ BBSL (2)

Nomada vegana @ BBSL (1)

Peponapis pruinosa @ BBSL (2)

Svastra obliqua @ BBSL (4)

Triepeolus donatus @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Triepeolus grindeliae @ BBSL (1)

Triepeolus helianthi @ BBSL (1)

Xylocopa californica @ BBSL (2)

Xylocopa mendozana @ BBSL (3)

Xylocopa virginica @ CUIC_ENT (4)
Berytidae  Jalysus wickhami @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Braconidae  Aphidius ( @ AMNH_PBI (81)

Praon exsoletum @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Praon @ AMNH_PBI (8)

Trioxys ( @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Cercopidae  Lepyronia quadrangularis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Philaenus spumarius @ UDCC_TCN (12)

Prosapia bicincta @ MEMU_ENT (6)
Cicadellidae  Agallia novella @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Balclutha impicta @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Balclutha @ MEMU_ENT (13)

Carneocephala flaviceps @ MEMU_ENT (4)

Ceratagallia ( @ UDCC_TCN (1); UCR_ENT (1)

Chlorotettix ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Colladonus montanus @ UCR_ENT (12)

Cuerna costalis @ NCSU_ENT (2)

Deltocephalus sayii @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Deltocephalus sonorus @ UCR_ENT (7)

Draeculacephala balli @ MEMU_ENT (8)

Draeculacephala californica @ UCR_ENT (10)

Draeculacephala portola @ MEMU_ENT (16)

Empoasca ( @ UCR_ENT (12); MEMU_ENT (21); CSCA_TCN (2)

Empoasca abrupta @ III (17)

Empoasca alboneura @ III (7)

Empoasca bicuspida @ III (1)

Empoasca bifurcata @ III (13)

Empoasca cerea @ III (4)

Empoasca chelata @ III (6)

Empoasca cisnora @ III (4)

Empoasca crusta @ III (1)

Empoasca curvata @ III (1)

Empoasca curvatura @ III (1)

Empoasca deckeri @ III (2)

Empoasca deluda @ III (2)

Empoasca ditata @ III (1)

Empoasca erigeron @ III (22)

Empoasca esuma @ III (6)

Empoasca fabae @ III (64)

Empoasca hama @ III (1)

Empoasca kraemeri @ III (3)

Empoasca mexara @ III (11)

Empoasca recurvata @ III (3)

Empoasca rumexa @ III (1)

Empoasca sativae @ III (32)

Empoasca solana @ III (19)

Empoasca thela @ III (1)

Empoasca torqua @ III (1)

Empoasca vergena @ III (2)

Empoasca zapoides @ III (1)

Exitianus exitiosus @ MEMU_ENT (14)

Graminella nigrifrons @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Graphocephala versuta @ MEMU_ENT (7)

Gyponana ( @ UCR_ENT (2)

Kyboasca bipunctata @ III (10)

Kybos obtusa @ III (1)

Macrosteles fascifrons @ MEMU_ENT (8)

Macrosteles quadrilineatus @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Ollarianus strictus @ UCR_ENT (3)

Oncometopia ( @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Paraphlepsius @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Psammotettix alienus @ AMNH_PBI (6)

Scaphytopius ( @ AMNH_PBI (22); MEMU_ENT (2)

Stirellus bicolor @ MEMU_ENT (2)

Xyphon flaviceps @ NCSU_ENT (2)
Coccinellidae  Hippodamia tredecimpunctata @ I_LB (1)

Hyperaspis undulata @ I_LB (1)
Colletidae  Colletes alocochila @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Colletes atacamensis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Colletes caspicus @ BBSL (2)

Colletes fulgidus @ BBSL (5)

Colletes gilvus @ AMNH_BEE (9)

Colletes idoneus @ BBSL (2)

Colletes kincaidii @ BBSL (1)

Colletes latitarsis @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Colletes lutzi @ BBSL (6)

Colletes mandibularis @ BBSL (1)

Colletes marginatus @ BBSL (1)

Colletes phaceliae @ BBSL (4); AMNH_BEE (5)

Colletes skinneri @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus bisinuatus @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus mesillae @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus moricei @ BBSL (1)

Hylaeus variegatus @ BBSL (2)

Leioproctus cristariae @ BBSL (6)
Coreidae  Chariesterus antennator @ AMNH_IZC (2)

Euthochtha galeator @ NCSU (1)
Delphacidae  Liburniella ornata @ MEMU_ENT (11)

Sogatella kolophon @ MEMU_ENT (7)
Dictyopharidae  Scolops pungens @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Geocoridae  Geocoris limbatus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Geocoris punctipes @ UCR_ENT (32); AMNH_IZC (2)

Geocoris uliginosus @ UDCC_TCN (2)
Halictidae  Agapostemon angelicus @ BBSL (8)

Agapostemon femoratus @ BBSL (21)

Agapostemon melliventris @ BBSL (2)

Agapostemon sericeus @ BBSL (2)

Agapostemon texanus @ BBSL (2)

Agapostemon virescens @ BBSL (5); CUIC_ENT (3)

Augochlora pura @ BBSL__BBSLID (1); CUIC_ENT (14)

Augochlorella aurata @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Dieunomia bolliana @ BBSL (1)

Halictus aegyptiacus @ BBSL (19)

Halictus cephalicus @ BBSL (1)

Halictus confusus @ BBSL__BBSLID (1); BBSL (11); AMNH_BEE (1); CUIC_ENT (3)

Halictus falcinellus @ BBSL (18)

Halictus farinosus @ BBSL (11); AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus frontalis @ BBSL (128)

Halictus ligatus @ BBSL (7); AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus maculatus @ BBSL (1)

Halictus patellatus @ BBSL (37)

Halictus resurgens @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Halictus rubicundus @ BBSL (26); AMNH_BEE (2); CUIC_ENT (3)

Halictus tripartitus @ BBSL (27)

Lasioglossum birkmanni @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum cinctipes @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum diversopunctatum @ BBSL (3)

Lasioglossum foxii @ CUIC_ENT (3)

Lasioglossum hitchensi @ CUIC_ENT (16)

Lasioglossum imitatum @ BBSL__BBSLID (2)

Lasioglossum kunzei @ BBSL (2)

Lasioglossum leucozonium @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum lionotum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum mellipes @ BBSL (1)

Lasioglossum obscurum @ CUIC_ENT (6)

Lasioglossum occidentale @ BBSL (2)

Lasioglossum paradmirandum @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum pilosum @ BBSL__BBSLID (1)

Lasioglossum quebecense @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Lasioglossum semicaeruleum @ AMNH_BEE (4)

Lasioglossum sisymbrii @ BBSL (17)

Lasioglossum titusi @ BBSL (2)

Lasioglossum truncatum @ CUIC_ENT (5)

Lasioglossum zephyrum @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Lasioglossum zonulum @ CUIC_ENT (2)

Nomia howardi @ BBSL (4)

Nomia melanderi @ BBSL (14)

Sphecodes albilabris @ BBSL (1)

Sphecodes alternatus @ BBSL (1)

Sphecodes ephippius @ BBSL (3)

Sphecodes longulus @ BBSL (1)

Sphecodes monilicornis @ BBSL (1)

Sphecodes olivieri @ BBSL (2)

Sphecodes pellucidus @ BBSL (2)
Lygaeidae  Lygaeus kalmii @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Neacoryphus bicrucis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Nysius niger @ UDCC_TCN (1)
Megachilidae  Anthidiellum robertsoni @ BBSL (2)

Anthidiellum strigatum @ BBSL (8)

Anthidium cingulatum @ BBSL (6)

Anthidium deceptum @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Anthidium eremicum @ BBSL (1)

Anthidium florentinum @ BBSL (355)

Anthidium loti @ BBSL (4)

Anthidium taeniatum @ BBSL (1)

Ashmeadiella californica @ BBSL (1)

Ashmeadiella meliloti @ BBSL (1)

Coelioxys banksi @ BBSL (1)

Coelioxys octodentata @ BBSL (8)

Coelioxys rufitarsis @ BBSL (6)

Dianthidium pudicum @ BBSL (4)

Hoplitis grinnelli @ BBSL (1)

Hoplitis hypocrita @ BBSL (10)

Hoplitis sambuci @ BBSL (5)

Megachile angelarum @ BBSL (1)

Megachile brevis @ BBSL (36); AMNH_BEE (16); CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile campanulae @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Megachile centuncularis @ AMNH_BEE (4); CUIC_ENT (17)

Megachile chilopsidis @ BBSL (1)

Megachile concinna @ BBSL (1)

Megachile coquilletti @ BBSL (14); AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile dentitarsus @ BBSL (16); AMNH_BEE (10)

Megachile exilis @ AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile flammiventris @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile frigida @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (1)

Megachile frugalis @ BBSL (1)

Megachile latimanus @ AMNH_BEE (9); CUIC_ENT (3)

Megachile lippiae @ BBSL (4)

Megachile maritima @ BBSL (114)

Megachile melanophaea @ BBSL (1); AMNH_BEE (8)

Megachile mendica @ AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile parallela @ BBSL (7)

Megachile perihirta @ BBSL (27); AMNH_BEE (2)

Megachile prosopidis @ BBSL (1)

Megachile rotundata @ BBSL (10); AMNH_BEE (2); CUIC_ENT (9)

Megachile rubripes @ BBSL (34)

Megachile sidalceae @ BBSL (3)

Megachile subnigra @ BBSL (1)

Megachile texana @ BBSL (5); AMNH_BEE (1)

Notanthidium bizonatum @ AMNH_BEE (8)

Osmia albolateralis @ BBSL (3)

Osmia atrocyanea @ BBSL (6)

Osmia bruneri @ BBSL (1)

Osmia caerulescens @ CUIC_ENT (1)

Osmia californica @ BBSL (1)

Osmia cobaltina @ BBSL (2)

Osmia cyanella @ BBSL (2)

Osmia integra @ BBSL (3)

Osmia kincaidii @ BBSL (1)

Osmia nemoris @ BBSL (35)

Osmia nifoata @ BBSL (10)

Osmia nigrifrons @ BBSL (2)

Osmia pusilla @ BBSL (2)

Osmia sanrafaelae @ BBSL (4)

Osmia simillima @ BBSL (3)

Osmia trevoris @ BBSL (2)

Trichothurgus aterrimus @ AMNH_BEE (1)
Melittidae  Melitta leporina @ BBSL (871)
Membracidae  Campylenchia latipes @ UDCC_TCN (2); MEMU_ENT (1)

Carynota maculata @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Entylia bactriana @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Entylia carinata @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Micrutalis calva @ MEMU_ENT (6)

Publilia modesta @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Spissistilus festinus @ AMNH_PBI (10); CSUC_TCN (1); UCR_ENT (1); MEMU_ENT (38)

Stictocephala basalis @ UDCC_TCN (2)

Stictocephala bisonia @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Stictocephala inermis @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Telamona salvini @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Tortistilus inermis @ UDCC_TCN (1); AMNH_ENT (1)

Vanduzea arquata @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Miridae  Adelphocoris lineolatus @ AMNH_PBI (2); UDCC_TCN (9)

Adelphocoris rapidus @ UDCC_TCN (11); MEMU_ENT (1)

Aoplonema rubrum @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Ballella basicornis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Campylomma @ UCR_ENT (51)

Capsus ater @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Ceratocapsus punctulatus @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Chlamydatus associatus @ UDCC_TCN (3)

Chlamydatus pulicarius @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Collaria oculata @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Conostethus americanus @ AMNH_PBI (4)

Dacota hesperia @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Deraeocoris brevis @ AMNH_ENT (1)

Labopidea lenensis @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Labopidea nigripes @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Leptopterna dolabrata @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lopidea dakota @ AMNH_PBI (25)

Lopidea lathyri @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Lopidea nigridia @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Lopidea taurina @ AMNH_PBI (2)

Lygocoris pabulinus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Lygus borealis @ AMNH_ENT (2)

Lygus elisus @ UCR_ENT (1)

Lygus hesperus @ UCR_ENT (23); AMNH_IZC (2)

Lygus lineolaris @ MEMU_ENT (5)

Lygus unctuosus @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Megaloceroea recticornis @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Microtechnites bractatus @ MEMU_ENT (2); NCSU_ENT (2)

Neurocolpus nubilus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Orthotylus flavosparsus @ UDCC_TCN (1)

Plagiognathus brunneus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Plagiognathus politus @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Polymerus basalis @ UDCC_TCN (2); NCSU_ENT (2)

Reuteroscopus ornatus @ AMNH_PBI (3)

Spanagonicus albofasciatus @ UDCC_TCN (2); MEMU_ENT (13); NCSU_ENT (7)

Trigonotylus caelestialium @ AMNH_PBI (1); UDCC_TCN (3); NCSU_ENT (20)

Trigonotylus viridis @ AMNH_PBI (1)

Tytthus parviceps @ AMNH_PBI (3)
Nabidae  Nabis alternatus @ UCR_ENT (21)

Nabis americoferus @ UCR_ENT (48)

Pagasa fusca @ UCR_ENT (1)
Pentatomidae  Codophila remota @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Codophila sulcata @ UCR_ENT (1)

Holcostethus limbolarius @ AMNH_IZC (1)

Hymenarcys nervosa @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Hymenarcys @ MEMU_ENT (3)

Neottiglossa cavifrons @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Oebalus pugnax @ MEMU_ENT (1)

Thyanta custator @ CSUC_TCN (1)

Thyanta pallidovirens @ AMNH_IZC (2)
Pseudococcidae  Planococcus citri @ CSCA_TCN (2)

Rhizoecus californicus @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Psyllidae  Cacopsylla tenuata @ CSCA_TCN (1)
Reduviidae  Atrachelus cinereus @ NCSU_ENT (1)

Oncocephalus nubilus @ UCR_ENT (2)

Sinea complexa @ UCR_ENT (1)

Sinea diadema @ UDCC_TCN (1); NCSU_ENT (1)

Zelus renardii @ UCR_ENT (2)
Saldidae  Salda lugubris @ MEMU_ENT (1)
Thyreocoridae  Corimelaena pulicaria @ MEMU_ENT (12); NCSU (2)
Tingidae  Gargaphia albescens @ UCR_ENT (14)
Triozidae  Bactericera maculipennis @ CSCA_TCN (2)
_  Ripersiella kondonis @ CSCA_TCN (9)

Zelenius orientalis @ AMNH_PBI (6)

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Following modified from Flora of Taiwan, National Taiwan University
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&pull 20q v4.662 20091102: Error 301 Moved Permanently http://tai2.ntu.edu.tw/udth/bin/fot1.exe/browse?bid=3&page=332

Following modified from Delaware Wildflowers
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Delaware Wildflowers  •  Scientific names

Medicago sativa L. Alfalfa
Fabaceae — Bean family
Non-native
Medicago sativa
Carousel Farm Park
June 2001

More information on this plant, from other sources.


Copyright David G. Smith

Delaware Wildflowers main page

Following modified from MissouriPlants.com
   Top | See original


Medicago sativa L. - Alfalfa

Medicago sativa plant

Family - Fabaceae

Stems - To 1m tall, 4-angled, erect or ascending, glabrous to pubescent, multiple from base, branching, herbaceous, from taproot.

Medicago sativa stem

Leaves - Alternate, trifoliolate, petiolate, stipulate. Stipules lanceolate, to +1cm long, toothed to entire. Leaflets typically oblanceolate, obovate or oblong, toothed to entire, to +2cm long, -1cm broad, typically mucronate, glabrous to sparse arachnoid pubescent below.

Inflorescence - Compact axillary pedunculate racemes, with up to 40 flowers. Peduncle to +/-3cm long, typically pubescent. Cluster globose to subglobose.

Medicago sativa inflorescence

Flowers - Corolla purple to whitish, papilionaceous, to 1cm long. Standard to 1cm long, 5mm broad. Stamens diadelphous. Calyx tube to 5mm long, 2mm in diameter, 5-lobed, typically glabrous. Lobes attenuate, to 4mm long, equal to subequal.

Medicago sativa flower Flower close-up.

Fruits - Coiled pods to 8mm long.

Flowering - May - September.

Habitat - Waste ground, disturbed sites, roadsides, railroads. Also cultivated.

Origin - Native to Eurasia.

Other info. - M. sativa is the only species of Medicago in Missouri with purple flowers. As you can see from the above photos, the flowers are variable in color. The flowers of some cultivated plants can be greenish-yellow also. Some plants may also have fruits which are only slightly coiled to straight.
The plant is also quite variable in its pubescence.
Alfalfa is a very important crop because of its high protein content.

Photographs taken somewhere in North Carolina, 5-16-03.


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Following modified from Taiwan Biodiversity National Information Network
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Kingdom Plantae  
 Phylum Magnoliophyta  
 Class Magnoliopsida  
 Order Fabales  
 Family Fabaceae  
 Genus Medicago  
  Medicago sativa    L., 1753 
Provider: Ching-I Peng 
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Synonyms: Medicago afganica Medicago grandiflora Medicago ladak Medicago mesopotamica Medicago orientalis Medicago polia Medicago praesativa Medicago sogdiana Trigonella upendrae   details
Citation: Flora of Taiwan 2nd ed. 3: 332, 1993; 台灣入侵及外來種圖鑑, 林業試驗所 2005
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Following modified from Plants Database, United States Department of Agriculture
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http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MESA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MESA
https://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MESA ---> http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MESA
http://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MESA ---> https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=MESA
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You are here: Home / Plant Profile

Medicago sativa L.
alfalfa

Image of Medicago sativa

General Information
Symbol: MESA
Group: Dicot
Family: Fabaceae
Duration: Annual
Perennial
Growth Habit : Forb/herb
Native Status : AK   I
CAN   I
HI   I
L48   I
PR   I
VI   I
Other Common Names: alapap
lucerne
Characteristics
Fact Sheet (pdf) (doc)
Data Source and Documentation
About our new maps
Plants-NRCS Logos
green round image for nativity Native blue round image for introduced Introduced ocre round image for introduced and nativity Both white round image for no status Absent/Unreported
image for native, but no county data Native, No County Data image for introduced, but no county data Introduced, No County Data both introduced and native, but no county data Both, No County Data
Native Status:
lower 48 status L48    Alaska status AK    Hawaii status HI    Puerto Rico status PR    Virgin Islands status VI    Navassa Island NAV    Canada status CAN    Greenland status GL    Saint Pierre and Michelon status SPM    North America NA   

Images

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Medicago thumbnails at the Plants Gallery

Steve Hurst. Provided by ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory . Chile, Santiago. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Patrick J. Alexander. Usage Requirements .

Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 vols. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Vol. 2: 351. Provided by Kentucky Native Plant Society . Scanned by Omnitek Inc . Usage Requirements .

slideshow

Synonyms

Classification

Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report.
Rank Scientific Name and Common Name
Kingdom Plantae – Plants
Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants
Superdivision Spermatophyta – Seed plants
Division Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Subclass Rosidae
Order Fabales
Family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae – Pea family
Genus Medicago L. – alfalfa
Species Medicago sativa L. – alfalfa

Subordinate Taxa

The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Medicago sativa . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Plant is native (blue) Native Plant is introduced Introduced Plant is introduced Native and Introduced Related taxa legend Distribution of <i>
Medicago sativa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
caerulea</i>
(Less. ex Ledeb.) Schmalh.
Medicago sativa ssp. caerulea
Distribution of <i>
Medicago sativa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
falcata</i>
(L.) Arcang.
Medicago sativa ssp. falcata
yellow alfalfa Distribution of <i>
Medicago sativa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
glomerata</i>
(Balb.) Rouy
Medicago sativa ssp. glomerata
Distribution of <i>
Medicago sativa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
sativa </i>
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
alfalfa Distribution of <i>
Medicago sativa</i>
L. ssp. <i>
×tunetana</i>
Murb.
Medicago sativa ssp. ×tunetana

Legal Status

U.S. Weed Information
Medicago sativa alfalfa This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for a composite list of Weeds of the U.S.
SWSS Southern Weed Science Society. 1998. Weeds of the United States and Canada. CD-ROM . Southern Weed Science Society. Champaign, Illinois.

Wetland Status

Interpreting Wetland Status

Top Level Regions
Caribbean UPL
Hawaii UPL
North America
Alaska UPL
Arid West UPL
Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain UPL
Eastern Mountains and Piedmont UPL
Great Plains UPL
Midwest FACU
Northcentral & Northeast UPL
Western Mountains, Valleys, and Coast UPL

Related Links

More Accounts and Images
ARS Germplasm Resources Information Network (MESA)
CalPhotos (MESA)
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (MESA)
Jepson Interchange (University of California - Berkeley) (MESA)
Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (MESA)
USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (MESA)
USF Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants (MESA)
University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (MESA)
University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (MESA)
Related Websites
APSnet-Plant Diseases (MESA)
AZ-Allergy and Asthma in the Southwestern US (MESA)
CA-Jepson Flora Project (MESA)
CO-Southwest Colorado Wildflowers (MESA)
FAO-Picture Gallery (MESA)
IN-Center for New Crops and Plants Products (MESA)
MA-University of Massachusetts (MESA)
OH-Ohio State University Seed Biology (MESA)
Tropical Forages (MESA)
UK-Plants For A Future (MESA)
WA-Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture (U. of Washington) (MESA)

Wildlife

Food

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin Minor Minor Low Low
Yarrow Low Low

Cover

Source Large Mammals Small Mammals Water Birds Terrestrial Birds
Martin
Yarrow Moderate

Sources

Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife and plants: A guide to wildlife food habits . Dover Publications. New York.
Yarrow, G.K., and D.T. Yarrow. 1999. Managing wildlife . Sweet Water Press. Birmingham.

Description of Values

Value Class Food Cover
High Average 25-50% of diet Regular source of cover
Low 5-10% of diet Infrequently used as cover
Minor 2-5% of diet Sparsely used as cover
Moderate Average 10-25% of diet Occasional source of cover


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Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 5
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Medicago sativa ssp. sativa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Alfalfa, Blue Alfalfa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4197 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Alfalfa, Blue Alfalfa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4198 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Alfalfa, Blue Alfalfa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4199 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Alfalfa, Blue Alfalfa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4200 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Medicago sativa ssp. sativa
Alfalfa, Blue Alfalfa
ID: 0000 1111 1234 4201 [detail]
© 2016 Keir Morse

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Following modified from CalPhotos
   Top | See original


CalPhotos     Photo Database

 

Number of matches : 47
Query: SELECT * FROM img WHERE ready=1 and taxon like "Medicago sativa%" and (lifeform != "specimen_tag" OR lifeform != "Plant") ORDER BY taxon

Click on the thumbnail to see an enlargement

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 8120 3181 4897 0103 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0157 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 6205 3041 0702 0083 [detail]
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0503 0158 [detail]
© 2003 Michael Charters

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 8120 3181 4563 0038 [detail]
Charles Webber
© 1998 California Academy of Sciences

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0105 2042 [detail]
© 2005 Louis-M. Landry

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0555 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0557 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0563 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0564 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0566 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0567 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0569 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0905 0570 [detail]
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2413 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
ID: 0000 0000 0506 2414 [detail]
© 2006 Louis-M. Landry

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 1009 1717 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 1009 1723 [detail]
© 2009 Neal Kramer

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0810 0297 [detail]
© 2010 Barry Breckling

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 1010 1211 [detail]
© 2010 Barry Breckling

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0807 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
Alfalfa
ID: 0000 0000 0911 0808 [detail]
© 2011 Jean Pawek

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
ID: 0000 0000 1011 1815 [detail]
© 2011 Zoya Akulova

Medicago sativa
Medicago sativa
ID: 0000 0000 1011 1816 [detail]
© 2011 Zoya Akulova

Using these photos: A variety of organizations and individuals have contributed photographs to CalPhotos. Please follow the usage guidelines provided with each image. Use and copyright information, as well as other details about the photo such as the date and the location, are available by clicking on the [detail] link under the thumbnail. See also: Using the Photos in CalPhotos .   


Copyright © 1995-2016 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

CalPhotos is a project of BSCIT      University of California, Berkeley

Updated: 2017-05-27 06:25:51 gmt
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